A tutor is an instructor who gives private lessons. Shadow education is a name for private supplementary tutoring that is offered outside the mainstream education system.
Normally, a tutor will help a student who is struggling in a subject of some sort. Also, a tutor may be provided for a student who wants to learn at home.
In the United States, the term "tutor" is generally associated with one who gives professional instruction (sometimes within a school setting but often independently) in a given topic or field.
British and Irish secondary schools
In English and Irishsecondary schools, form tutors are given the responsibilities of a form or class of students in a particular year group (up to 30 students). They usually work in year teams headed by a year leader, year head, or guidance teacher.
Form tutors will provide parents with most of the information about their child's progress and any problems they might be experiencing. Ordinarily, the form tutor is the person who contacts a parent if there is a problem at school; however, the year leader or guidance teacher may contact the parents, since the form tutor has full-time responsibility as a specialist subject teacher.
In the University of Cambridge and University of Dublin a Tutor is an officer of a college responsible for the pastoral care of a number of students in cognate disciplines; as against a Director of Studies in Cambridge who is responsible for the academic progress of a group of students in their own discipline, with both Tutors and Directors of Study answering to a Senior Tutor. In the University of Oxford, the colleges fuse pastoral and academic care into the single office of Fellow and Tutor, also known as a CUF Lecturer.
... property in the old south; and the United States, not to be outdone, occupies and oppresses the Iraqi people in methods learned from their Israelitutors who teach them how to subdue, intimidate, humiliate, torture, and eradicate a people considered inferior to their oppressors....
Successive blitzkriegs by ISIS and the Taliban respectively did more than simply breach Iraqi and Afghan defenses ... “As the Iraqis stand up, we will stand down.” Under Obama, after his own stab at a “surge,” the dictum applied to Afghanistan as well ... Unlike Afghans and Iraqis, Kurds do not require tutoring in the imperative of collective self-defense....